Automation Systems for Switchgear & TransformersAdvanced and scalable communication software for switchgear and transformer automation
What is Substation Automation?
Substation automation is the act of automatically monitoring and controlling an electrical substation by integrating substation equpiment, intelligent instrumentation and control devices, to have better control over the power distribution grid and reduce the number and duration of outages. Like most power systems, including generation plants and industrial facilities, substations are usually automated with a SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System). Most commonly, RTUs (remote terminal units) are installed on site to collect data from substation equipment, sensors and IEDs (intelligent electronic devices) and transfer this data to a substation or control center SCADA, which visualizes the data and reports failures to the operator.
Through the SCADA system, the operator can remotely monitor the entire substation network, send direct commands to the RTU, or define automation functions with a PLC to enable automated reactions against system failures.
Since full substation automation requires IEDs, communications protocols, and other devices and technologies to work together, it is also often referred to as substation integration. The term “instrumentation and control (I&C) system” on the other hand, exclusively comprises devices that monitor, control, and protect the power system.
Why Integrate Smart Communications?
Advantages with iGrid T&D
Why Integrate Smart Communications?
- Use automation functions to react instantly and reduce the need human supervision
- Use advanced protection schemes to improve the reliability of your network
- Locate failures within your network, safe time and minimize outage duration
- Enable remote commands to react faster
- Prepare for outages and minimize their occurance with redundant networks
- Improve the flexbility of your solutions
- Record events in real-time, to know exactly what happened and when it happened
- Improve the TCO by facilitating system intervention and maintenance
- Control the performance of your gear, prevent failures and optimize your network design and operation
Advantages with iGrid T&D
- From Modbus RTU, through IEC 61850 to DNP3/ IEC 104 — all required protocols
- Superb scalability - from a few to thousands of IEDs and data points
- Connect to any device on the network using multiple communication media
- Collect real-time data from hundreds of devices and auxiliary equipment with direct internal I/Os or distributed extension units
- Fully interoperable solution for simple retrofits and open network architectures – all of our devices and software applications can communicate with the iGrid protocol suite
- Highly flexible and modular solutions, adaptable to any system requirements/ network topology
- Simple migration to IEC 61850 – use any of our products as client or server and map any protocol onto IEC 61850, relying on the iConfICD tool for simple configurations
- Highly scalable and customizable SCADA for single substations or entire grids (control center edition)
Secured Switchgear and Transformer Automation
The worldwide deployment of substation automation systems is a key a success factor on the path to gaining greater control over transmission and distribution networks and confronting future energy challenges like grid instability and bottlenecks. The increasing volatility on the energy market and the distributed nature of future grids will demand operators to gain deeper control over the eletrical grids. This requires to install more intelligent infrastructure and collect bigger amounts of real-time data from a higher number of points in the grid.
As a result, the market is asking switchgear and transformer manufacturers for smarter products integrating control and communication capabilities. By integrating communication capabilities or connecting to a smart controller, switchgear and other equipment can collect data from sensors and other auxiliary equipment and also receive orders from and report to the control center.
Our R&D department is working closely with electrical manufacturers to provide powerful and compact automation solutions for the control of distribution grids.
There are several ways we can introduce real-time data acquisition, control and automation functions to MV substations and transformer stations.
iGW-VM as Communication Front-End
The iGW-VM can run on both Linux and Windows and can be easily integrated as a communication front-end for any new or existing switch or transformer. It allows any kind of server to collect real-time data and convert between a broad range of standard protocols to communicate with the control center, relay or substation RTU. The iGW-VM is easy to use and provides everything you need, also including advanced redundancy, automation and protection functions.
Substation Gateway & RTU, Switchgear Controller
Another option is to connect the device to a smart control unit like the iRTU or the iGW. The iRTU can not only collect all data from switchgear and transformers but also from all kinds of sensors (current and power transformers, Rugowsky coils, temperature sensors, …) using its internal digital and analog inputs and outputs. All devices of the iGW and iRTU family provide state-of-the-art redundancy, automation and protection functions for advanced grid control.
Substation Gateway Software
The iGW-VM and iControl SCADA can both operate as central gateway system for one or several substations, allowing devices like relays and switchgear to communicate with each other and control centers through a broad range of protocols. iControl SCADA can also be used to visualize the data as substation SCADA/HMI or grid control center. Both applications can be configured with the simple iConf tool and provide state-of-the-art redundancy, automation and protection functions.
Communication Front-End for Switchgear
Adaptable and User-friendly Solutions for Simple Integrations
One of the major challenges of substation automation lies in integrating new substation technology such as IEC 61850 in older, existent substations, where old and new devices have to coexist and communicate with each other. Examples of this can be new control centers that have to communicate with old automation systems or newly installed intelligent electronic devices (IEDs), which must connect to old systems at the substation or the control center.
Solutions by iGrid T&D have been designed for exactly this kind of challenges. Developed explicitly for substation automation, all devices devices and software systems, comprising RTUs, gateways, I/O extension units and SCADA system, provide a unique range of communication protocols and connectivity options.
The devices can use almost all protocols to both collect and transfer data from and between devices and entities. Thanks to its configurable internal inputs and outputs and its capability to communicate via Ethernet, serial and GPRS (3G, 4G), the iRTU is thus the perfect device for MV applications.
It can collect data from a few sensors and switchgear controllers and transfer the data to a any control center or collect data and control thousands of devices accross the network.
Amongst others, the communication protocols include:
|Master/Slave IEC 60870–5‑101||Master/Slave IEC 60870–5‑104|
|Master/Slave Modbus TCP/UDP and JBUS (master)||Master/Slave ModbusRTU|
|Master/Slave DNP3.0 (serial, UDP, TCP)||Master IEC 60870–5‑103|
|Master IEC 60870–5‑102||Master DLMS|
|Master Profibus DP||Master Spabus, Mlink, Procome|
|Master IEC 62056–21||SNMP Agent/Manager|
|IEC 61850 MMS Client/Server||IEC 61850 GOOSE Publisher/Subscriber|
Our solutions can also communicate through technologies from other industries like mySQL, web services and OPC UA.
Flexible Integrations for MV Distribution Substations
Developed explicitly for substation automation, all devices and software systems by iGrid T&D provide an extensive range of functionalities and characteristics to overcome present and future challenges in the most efficient ways.
Furthermore, our solutions can collect data from thousands of devices at once, process and convert the data and transfer it to multiple entities in the network.
Since we have communicated with equipment from numerous different vendors in a broad variety of applications, we have experience in communicating with and creating a bridge between all kinds of systems, including new and old relays and substation gear, Ethernet and serial, IEC 61850 and old legacy protocols (like SPA-bus), SCADA systems and intranets, generation and energy market.
Our solutions ensure that you no longer need to worry about interoperability and network inefficiencies. Our RTUs can communicate using numerous protocols via GPRS, Ethernet or serial connections as well as collect auxiliary signals using digital I/Os and analog inputs.
Not only retrofits are facilitated with our products. It also becomes easy to react to any kind of network change (big or small) and to set up open and scalable network architectures.
Our devices are already configurable and versatile by design, but we also provide further product configurations and tailored services upon request.
All iGrid solutions are capable of high precision time-synchronization (<1ms) via PTP or NTP and carry internal Real-Time Clocks with a an accuracy of 1ppm. This allows to keep on recording events with a micro-second time stamping accuracy, even when connection to the time source (masterclock) is lost, permitting to trace failures back meticulously.
iConf has been specifically developed for electrical applications, saving you lots of time and money throughout the control system set-up and maintenance tasks, whilst also minimizing your project risks. You can use the software tool to configure all igrid devices and software systems as well as design IEC 61850 projects, to up and download your configurations, and create your own templates.
All iGrid solutions can execute logical/mathematical functions and automation sequences with super high speeds thanks to their PLC capabilities.
The integrated PLC is highly scalable and has been applied in all kinds of fields to solve a broad variety of challenges.
User-friendly and graphical programming module (editor) for automation sequences and PLCs based on IEC 61131–3.
Our Products for MV Distribution Grid Automation
Thanks to our comittment to advanced substation automation, all devices and software systems by iGrid T&D provide an extensive range of functionalities and characteristics to overcome present and future challenges in the most efficient ways.
Although we are happy to support our customers, iGrid T&D is not a service-based business. Instead, we strive to provide state-of-the-art technology that enables our customers to set up, operate and maintain advanced automation systems by themselves.
Communication Front-end, Substation Gateway, SCADA HMI
- Highly scalable and powerful gateway software for any server running on windows or linux.
- Communication front-end for siwtchgears, transformers and other equipment
- Scalable and interoperable in multiple architectures
- For all levels, from Substation Gateway to Control Center
- With all important features and characteristics
Substation RTU, Gateway, Bay Controller, Distributed I/O..
- Internal I/O, serial, GPRS & Ethernet interfaces
- All-in-one devices with advanced functions for SAS
- Serial, GPRS & Ethernet interfaces
- Handy devices with advanced functions for SAS
- Remote I/O units for advanced SAS networks
- IEC 61850 GOOSE communication
State-of-the-Art R&D and Advanced Engineering & Product Development
- Inhouse R&D on the forefront of smart grid technology, enriched by numerous international and academic project
Engineering & Development Services
- Advanced and customized application engineering and product development for specific client needs.
World-wide Compliance and Interoperability
Thanks to our experiences with electrical networks and substations in a variety of industries all around the planet, our products have been prepared for an immmense range of high-demanding requirements and standards, guaranteeing a peaceful approval process for any project in any country. Our certifications range from EMC compatibility and communication protocol standards like IEC 61850 to cyber security means and have been asserted by third party certification bodies like DNV GL/ KEMA.
Why to Opt for MV Grid Automation Solutions by iGrid T&D?
Our Data Acquisition, Control and Supervision systems can not only handle a broad variety of protocols and architectures but also provide numerous other technological features and functionalities like high precision time stamping and PLC programming.
As a client you can benefit from choosing amongst various scalable and interoperable solutions that will be easy to use and tailored to your needs.
Two solutions are specially economical for this application. The iGW-VM can be used as a central data collection, automation and gateway software creating a powerful bridge between grid and control center and can also be integrated as communication front-end for all kinds of devices and equipment to provide powerful automation and protocol conversion functions with “dumb” devices and gear.
On the other hand, with it’s internal inputs and outputs and connectivity options, the iRTU is the perfect companion to collect data from devices, sensors and other auxiliary equipment at thousands of sites.
Solution Benefits & Functions
A‑Level certified IEC 61850 compliance
Map any protocol to IEC 61850
Compact all-in-one devices
Tailored solutions according to your needs
State-of-the-art IEC 61850 technology
Customized training & support
Remote maintenance/ testing
Reliable and efficient protection functions
Improved reliability & security
Automatic (busbar) line coloring
Simple connection between IED and substation HMI
PRP network redundancy
Simple device set-up/ deployment
Graphical visualization of measurements & data
Remote substation monitoring and control
Local & global alarm generation
Optimized efficiency and productivity
Powerful, multi-layer protocol conversion
Communication front-end for any system or device
Complex logic schemes
High-precision timestamping and event recording
Fault location detection
Automatic switching sequences
No need for auxiliary relays and hardwired interfaces
PLC automation with IEC 61131–3
Engineering & maintenance cost reduction
iControl or 3rd party SCADA
Automatic data storage
Comissioning cost reduction
High-speed, intelligent interlocking with GOOSE
Integrative Automation Systems
- Communication front-end for switchgear and transformers
- Remote & distributed Inputs & Outputs
- Substation RTUs, BCUs (Bay Controller Units) and Gateways
- Substation SCADA/ HMI
- Control Center SCADAs
- IEDs/ Smart Relays by Thytronic
Sleep Peacefully with Expert Cyber Security
iGrid T&D enforces several layers of security measures guided by the propositions of the IEC 62351 standard to protect its devices from all kinds of threats.
Our hardened devices feature Role Based Access Control (RBAC) to avoid intrinsic risks such as security holes and unauthorized actions by authenticated users.
In addition to end-to-end encryptions via TSL/SSL, HTTPS, SSH and standard procedures for VPNs (e.g. OpenVPN), its communication can also be secured with network control methods such as firewalls, IP filters, ACL or TCP port blocks.
Full Independence for an Open Architecture
All of our products support several types of communication media, such as wireless (GPRS/ 3g, 4g), VSAT, analog radio, Ethernet or Serial, and can communicate with the entire iGrid T&D protocol suite. Thanks to our experiences with devices from almost all known vendors and our pledge for standard protocols, we can ensure the seamless integration of our products with any third party devices.
All of our devices can operate in hot-standby redundancy mode:
- Hot-standby server/device is updated continuously
- Clients and IEDs automatically switch to the hot-standby server
- Serial loop redundancy (hot standby gateway acts as a (virtual) serial port to arrive to disconnected devices)
All iGrid solutions can provide advanced redundancy networks like RSTP, HSR & PRP (IEC 62439–3) to minimize network downtime and maximize reliability and availability:
- Modern substation automation without packet losses and latencies
- Invisible to the application and usable by most industrial Ethernet protocols
- For applications requiring high availability and quick switchovers
In this project the iGW converts from IEC 101 to IEC104 in order to comfortably expand the SCADA system of the metro lines, using high technology switches and SDH equipment via Ethernet. The iGW controls the low power substations (380 Voltage grid) by reading the data from a SIEMENS PLC via IEC 101, mapping it to IEC104, and sending it to the existing SCADA Control Center.
Substation Automation Products
The freely scalable iGW-VM supports all architectures using Windows or Linux, acting as a substation gateway, bay controller, RTU or communication front-end for SCADA systems. The iGW-VM is thus the perfect software choice for projects with a predetermined/preferred hardware or a large grid to cover (high number of datapoints).
iGW‑S Substation Gateway
Powerful and reliable substation gateway, able to run either in standalone or redundant modes, with an embedded Ethernet switch (4 ports) and IEC 61850 client and server capabilities.
High-performance SCADA for the visualization and control of substation data. It is able to run either in client/server or standalone modes, providing advanced functionalities such as hot-standby redundancy, automatic line coloring, events notification (via e‑mail and sms), SQL logging, and reports generation.
iRTU – With I/Os for Direct Data Acquisition
Compact and scalable bay controller which can act as IEC 61850 client or server, featuring configurable I/O boards for direct data acquisition, high-precision timestamping and an optional Ethernet switch for additional Ethernet ports.
iRTUe – Remote I/O Extensions
iGWs, iRTUs and third party master units can be freely extended by connecting one or several iRTUe.
They are IEC 61850 (GOOSE) compliant and come in many configurations such as 48 DI, 16 relays, 16 AI, 24 DI + 8 relays, 24 DI + 8 AI or 8 relays + 8 AI.
More Solutions for Smart Grids
Automation with IEC 61850
The IEC 61850 standard is enabling new oportunities for vendor interoperability and advanced substation automation. Find out how you can take advantage of IEC 61850 with easy-to-use and adaptable solutions for a simple migration or retrofit.
HV Substation Automation
Powerful substation automation systems often handle numerous communication protocols and media within one network, which can result in expensive and complex projects. Avoid these problems with interoperable technology and smart configuration tools.
MV Distribution Grid Automation
It is often difficult to find the exact solution you need in a MV application, leading to higher costs than necessary. With our scalable and adaptable solutions you will be able to only pay for what you really need, without comprimising on quality or security.
Hydroelectric Power Station
Advanced all-in-one solutions can truly simplify the automation and control of small and large-scale hydroelectric generation plants. Thanks to an open design and state-of-the-art SCADA technology, the systems remain reliable and up-to-date throughout the plant’s entire life cycle.
Photovoltaic Power Station
Using an open and scalable SCADA system to monitor and control a PV plant comes with many benefits on several levels. Find out how advanced communication technology affects PV operation, maintenance, system design, investment security, profits…
Control Center SCADA
Advanced functions and tools to assist engineers and grid operators in the automation and control of MV grids often require to invest in big and complicated software solutions. We have designed a scalable and user-friendly SCADA system for utilities with nothing left to be desired.
Rail and Traction Automation
Making your infrastructure intelligent with advanced communication technology will improve your service and reliability by means of automating and controling your traction power network and train engines with simple and powerful tools and devices.
As communication networks grow in complexity, “plug and play” promises become harder to keep. Interoperable protocol converters and software solutions with state-of-the-art capabilities and funcitonalities can be the bridge to all the functions and flexibility your network needs.
Generation Dispatch Control Center
With a generation dispatch enter you can automatically control the generation of all power plants and make direct bids for ancillary services on one platform. Check out the most efficient communication path between generation sites, grid operators and the power market.
A single device that collects, processes, transfers smart meter data and load curves from several meters in different protocols via serial or Ethernet, whilst providing advanced automation functions? Adaptable designs and a full communication protocol suite make it possible.
Switchgear & Transformers
Sometimes you have preferred gear for a project or it has already been installed, but it is lacking the communication capabilities to provide the automation functions you are looking for. With our software core iGComms any device can be as smart as you want it to be.
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